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Windows Server 2008 Active Directory, Configuring

Question No: 221 – (Topic 3)

Your network contains a domain controller that runs Windows Server 2008 R2. You need to change the location of the Active Directory log files.

Which tool should you use?

  1. Dsamain

  2. Dsmgmt

  3. Dsmove

  4. Ntdsutil

    Answer: D Explanation:

    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/257420 How To Move the Ntds.dit File or Log Files Moving a Database or Log File

    1. Restart the domain controller.

    2. Press F8 at the Startup menu, and then click Directory Services Restore Mode.

    3. Select the appropriate installation if more than one exists, and then log on as an administrator at the logon prompt.

    4. Start a command prompt, and then type ntdsutil.exe.NOTE: To get a list of commands that you can use at the Ntdsutil prompt, type ?

    5. At a Ntdsutil prompt, type files.

    6. At the File Maintenance prompt, use one or both of the following procedures:

  • To move a database, type move db to %s, where %s is the drive and folder where you want the database moved.

  • To move log files, type move logs to %s, where %s is the drive and folder where you want the log files moved.

      1. To view the log files or database, type info. To verify the integrity of the database at its new location, type integrity.

      2. Type quit, and then type quit to return to a command prompt.

      3. Restart the computer in Normal mode.

        NOTE: When you move the database and log files, you must back up the domain controller.

        Question No: 222 – (Topic 3)

        Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The domain contains a server named Server1. The Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) role is installed on Server1. Contoso.com is defined as an account store.

        A partner company has a Web-based application that uses AD FS authentication. The partner company plans to provide users from contoso.com access to the Web application.

        You need to configure AD FS on contoso.com to allow contoso.com users to be authenticated by the partner company.

        What should you create on Server1?

        1. a new application

        2. a resource partner

        3. an account partner

        4. an organization claim

    Answer: D Explanation:

    Since the account store has already been configured, what needs to be done is to use the account store to map an AD DS global security group to an organization claim (called group claim extraction). So that#39;s what we need to create for authentication: an organization claim.

    Creating a resource/account partner is part of setting up the Federation Trust. Reference 1:


    Configuring the Federation Servers

    [All the steps for setting up an AD FS environment are listed in an extensive step-by-step guide, too long to post here.]

    Reference 2:


    Add an AD DS Account Store

    If user and computer accounts that require access to a resource that is protected by Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) are stored in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), you must add AD DS as anaccount storeon a federation server in the Federation Service that authenticates the accounts.

    Reference 3:


    Map an Organization Group Claim to an AD DS Group (Group Claim Extraction) When you use Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) as the Active Directory

    Federation Services (AD FS)account storefor an account Federation Service, you mapan organization group claimto a security group in AD DS. This mapping is called a group claim extraction.

    Question No: 223 – (Topic 3)

    Your network contains an Active Directory domain. All domain controllers run Windows Server 2008. The functional level of the domain is Windows Server 2003. All client computers run Windows 7.

    You install Windows Server 2008 R2 on a server named Server1. You need to perform an offline domain join of Server1.

    Which two actions should you perform? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)

    1. From Server1, run djoin.exe.

    2. From Server1, run netdom.exe.

    3. From a Windows 7 computer, run djoin.exe.

    4. Upgrade one domain controller to Windows Server 2008 R2.

    5. Raise the functional level of the domain to Windows Server 2008.

      Answer: A,C


      MS Press – Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-640) (2nd Edition, July 2012) pages 217, 218 Offline Domain Join

      Offline domain join is also useful when a computer is deployed in a lab or other disconnected environment.

      When the computer is connected to the domain network and started for the first time, it will already be a member of the domain. This also helps to ensure that Group Policy settings are applied at the first startup.

      Four major steps are required to join a computer to the domain by using offline domain join:

      1. Log on to a computer in the domain that is running Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows 7 with an account that has permissions to join computers to the domain.

      2. Use the DJoin command to provision a computer for offline domain join. This step prepopulates Active Directory with the information that Active Directory needs to join the computer to the domain, and exports the information called a blob to a text file.

      3. At the offline computer that you want to join the domain use DJoin to import the blob into the Windows directory.

      4. When you start or restart the computer, it will be a member of the domain.

        Question No: 224 – (Topic 3)

        Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com.

        The properties of the contoso.com DNS zone are configured as shown in the exhibit. (Click the Exhibit button.)

        Dumps4Cert 2018 PDF and VCE

        You need to update all service location (SRV) records for a domain controller in the domain.

        What should you do?

        1. Restart the Netlogon service.

        2. Restart the DNS Client service.

        3. Run sc.exe and specify the triggerinfo parameter.

        4. Run ipconfig.exe and specify the /registerdns parameter.

    Answer: A


    MCTS 70-640 Cert Guide: Windows Server 2008 Active Directory, Configuring (Pearson IT

    Certification, 2010) page 62

    The SRV resource records for a domain controller are important in enabling clients to locate the domain controller. The Netlogon service on domain controllers registers this resource record whenever a domain controller is restarted. You can also re-register a domain controller’s SRV resource records by restarting this service from the Services branch of Server Manager or by typing net start netlogon. An exam question might ask you how to troubleshoot the nonregistration of SRV resource records.

    Question No: 225 – (Topic 3)

    You need to receive an e-mail message whenever a domain user account is locked out. Which tool should you use?

    1. Active Directory Administrative Center

    2. Event Viewer

    3. Resource Monitor

    4. Security Configuration Wizard

    Answer: B Explanation:

    MS Press – Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-642) (2nd Edition, 2011) page 525 Automatically Responding to Events

    One of the most useful ways to use Task Scheduler is to launch a task in response to a specific event type that appears in Event Viewer. You can respond to events in three ways: Start A Program – Launches an application. Often, administrators write a script that carries out a series of tasks that they would otherwise need to manually perform, and automatically run that script when an event appears.

    Send An E-mail – Sends an email by using the Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP) server you specify.

    Often, administrators configure urgent events to be sent to a mobile device.

    Display A Message – Displays a dialog box showing a message. This is typically useful only when a user needs to be notified of something happening on the computer.

    To trigger a task when an event occurs, follow one of these three procedures:

    Find an example of the event in Event Viewer. Then, right-click the event and click Attach Task To This Event. A wizard will guide you through the process.

    Question No: 226 – (Topic 3)

    Your network contains an Active Directory forest. The forest contains one domain. The domain contains two domain controllers named DC1 and DC2 that run Windows Server 2008 R2.

    DC1 was installed before DC2. DC1 fails.

    You need to ensure that you can add 1,000 new user accounts to the domain. What should you do?

    1. Modify the permissions of the DC2 computer account.

    2. Seize the schema master FSMO role.

    3. Configure DC2 as a global catalog server.

    4. Seize the RID master FSMO role.

    Answer: D


    MS Press – Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-640) (2nd Edition, July 2012) pages 536-537 RID master failure

    A failed RID master eventually prevents domain controllers from creating new SIDs and, therefore, prevents you from creating new accounts for users, groups, or computers.

    However, domain controllers receive a sizable pool of RIDs from the RID master, so unless you are generating numerous new accounts, you can often go for some time without the RID master online while it is being repaired. Seizing this role to another domain controller is a significant action. After the RID master role has been seized, the domain controller that had been performing the role cannot be brought back online.

    Question No: 227 – (Topic 3)

    Your network contains two servers named Server1 and Server2 that run Windows Server 2008 R2. Server1 has Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) 2.0 installed.

    Server1 is a member of an AD FS farm. The AD FS farm is configured to use a configuration database that is stored on a separate Microsoft SQL Server.

    You install AD FS 2.0 on Server2.

    You need to add Server2 to the existing AD FS farm. What should you do?

    1. On Server1, run fsconfig.exe.

    2. On Server1, run fsconfigwizard.exe.

    3. On Server2, run fsconfig.exe.

    4. On Server2, run fsconfigwizard.exe.

      Answer: C Explanation:

      http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/adfs2-help-how-to-configure-a-new-federation- server.aspx

      Configure a New Federation Server

      To configure a new federation server using the command line

      1. Open a Command Prompt window.

      2. Change the directory to the path where AD FS 2.0 was installed.

      3. To configure this computer as a federation server, type the applicable syntax using either of the following command parameters, and then press ENTER: fsconfig.exe


        CreateSQLFarm|JoinFarm|JoinSQLFarm} [deployment specific parameters] Parameter

        JoinSQLFarm Joins this computer to an existing federation server farm that is using SQL Server.

        Question No: 228 – (Topic 3)

        You need to create a Password Settings object (PSO). Which tool should you use?

        1. Active Directory Users and Computers

        2. ADSI Edit

        3. Group Policy Management Console

        4. Ntdsutil

    Answer: B Explanation:


    You can create Password Settings objects (PSOs): using the Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell using ADSI Edit using ldifde

    Question No: 229 – (Topic 3)

    Your network contains a single Active Directory domain named contoso.com.

    An administrator accidentally deletes the _msdsc.contoso.com zone. You recreate the

    _msdsc.contoso.com zone.

    You need to ensure that the _msdsc.contoso.com zone contains all of the required DNS records.

    What should you do on each domain controller?

    1. Restart the Netlogon service.

    2. Restart the DNS Server service.

    3. Run dcdiag.exe /fix.

    4. Run ipconfig.exe /registerdns.

      Answer: A Explanation:

      Reference 1: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/817470

      To register the required records to the single root domain controller, restart the Net Logon

      service on all the domain controllers. The replication works correctly if the replication window is not less than the default DNS Time to Live (TTL) entry. To restart the Net Logon service, follow these steps:

      1. Click Start, click Run, type cmd in the Open box, and then press ENTER.

      2. At the command prompt, type the following command, and then press ENTER: net stop netlogon

      3. Type net start netlogon, and then press ENTER. Reference 2:

        http://serverfault.com/questions/383915/how-do-i-manually-create-the-msdcs-dns-zone-for- a-domain-that-wascreated-pre-s

        Be sure to restart the Netlogon services on all DC#39;s when the zone has been replicated to them. This forces the DC#39;s to register their SRV records in the _msdcs zone.

        Question No: 230 – (Topic 3)

        You need to purge the list of user accounts that were authenticated on a read-only domain controller (RODC).

        What should you do?

        1. Run the repadmin.exe command and specify the /prp parameter.

        2. From Active Directory Sites and Services, modify the properties of the RODC computer object.

        3. From Active Directory Users and Computers, modify the properties of the RODC computer object.

        4. Run the dsrm.exe command and specify the -u parameter.

    Answer: A


    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/rodc-guidance-for-administering-the-password- replication-policy.aspx

    Clearing the authenticated accounts list

    In addition to reviewing the list of authenticated users, you may decide to periodically clean

    up the list of accounts that are authenticated to the RODC. Cleaning up this list may help you more easily determine the new accounts that have authenticated through the RODC.

    Membership in the Domain Admins group of the domain in which the RODC is a member, or equivalent, is the minimum required to complete this procedure.

    To clear all entries from the list, run the command repadmin /prp delete lt;hostnamegt; auth2


    Substitute the actual host name of the RODC that you want to clear. For example, if you want to clear the list of authenticated accounts for RODC2, type repadmin /prp delete rodc2 auth2 /all, and then press ENTER.

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